Archive for April, 2022

An Ocean From The Desert: the Maliki-Salafi Shaykh of Mauritania and Saudi Arabia

April 26, 2022
Atlantic Desert Shore between City of Dakhla and Mauritania

With the Name of God, All-Merciful, Most Merciful

As we near the holiest nights of the year during Ramadan, Month of the Qur’an,

AL-QURAN SOCIETY, LONDON, UK

presents
some lighter, inspiring reading when taking breaks from the intensity of the Magnificent Qur’an itself

An Ocean From The Desert

ترجمة الشيخ

 محمد الأمين الشنقيطي

صاحب تفسير أضواء البيان في إيضاح القرآن بالقرآن

للشيخ عطية محمد سالم

قاضي المحكمة الشرعية بالمدينة المنورة

A BIOGRAPHY OF THE SHAYKH

MUHAMMAD AL-AMĪN AL-SHANQĪTĪ
(1325-1393 H / 1907-1973 CE)
born in Mauritania; returned to His Lord immediately after performing the Hajj pilgrimage, 1393 H
& buried in Mecca near the Sacred Mosque (al-Masjid al-Haram)
One of the greatest authorities on the Qur’an of the 14th Islamic century (20th century CE)

AUTHOR OF THE MAGNIFICENT TAFSĪR
ADWÂ’ AL-BAYÂN (LIGHTS OF ELOQUENCE)

by SHAYKH ‘ATIYYAH MUHAMMAD SÂLIM

Judge, Law Court of Medina, Saudi Arabia

(c) AL-QURAN SOCIETY (UK Registered Charity): RAMADAN 1443 (APRIL 2022)

Lover of God, follower of the Prophets, Master of the Scriptures:


Qur’an, Sunnah, Sharia, Islam:

revered by people
from Africa to Arabia, Mecca & Medina, & beyond,

from the widows, peasants & poor of the Holy Lands

to King Muhammad V of Morocco (Custodian of the Maliki Madhhab)

& King Abdul Aziz Al-Saud (Leader of the Salafi-Wahhabi Kingdom of Saudi Arabia)
Teacher of the Qur’an at the Mosque of the Prophet Muhammad himself,
may God bless him and grant him peace,
to thousands of worshippers and pilgrims from around the world,
one of the leading Shaykhs of Mauritania, aged 40,
and then of Mecca & Medina in Saudi Arabia for the rest of his life until his death, aged 66

One of the main founders of, and teachers at:
the many Islamic institutes of learning in Riyadh,
the Muslim World League, Mecca; and
the Islamic University of Madinah al-Munawwarah: the Enlightened City of the Prophet of Light,
teaching thousands of students from all over the world, thus earning the informal accolade of

Shaykh-ul-Islam
of his time

There is no deed greater than explaining the Book of Allah
in the Masjid of the Messenger of Allah,
may Allah bless him and grant him peace.
(Shaykh Shanqiti, who indeed explained the entire Qur’an in the Prophet’s Mosque,
where much of it was revealed, two or three times;
wrote a brilliant, creative Tafsir (Commentary on the Qur’an)
based on the formidable oceans of Bayan (the sciences of Eloquence & Rhetoric in Arabic):
LIGHTS OF ELOQUENCE IN EXPLAINING THE QUR’AN BY THE QUR’AN

“He has not died – he who leaves such a legacy”

(Shaykh Shanqiti’s student,
Shaykh ‘Atiyyah Salim,
his teacher’s successor as
a teacher at the Prophet’s Mosque in Medina
& Judge at the Law Courts of Medina)

/

(download for free via the above link)

IN HONOUR OF THE SHAYKH’S OWN TEACHINGS, IT IS PROHIBITED TO COMMERCIALISE HIS WORKS:
You may freely distribute, re-share, re-upload this document (without altering it), etc.
but you must not sell it for profit: selling at cost-price only is allowed.
You may upload it on a monetized platform, but you MUST donate any money earned to charity,
otherwise the Shaykh warned, in the Sacred Mosque of the Prophet himself
in the City of Light, Madinah al-Munawwarah:

I will not commercialise the Explanation of the Book of God, the Exalted.
If anyone dares to sell my book for profit,
I will say a prayer against him
and I expect that such a prayer will be answered.

May God reward our Shaykh
and all his students & grand-students
who contributed to this work,
and to everyone who distributes this knowledge freely,
Amin.

Coming Soon, God-willing (insha’Allah):
The second edition, with additional direct memories
of Shaykh Muhammad al-Amin al-Shanqiti
by Shaykh Suhaib Hasan
Founder of Al-Qur’an Society
one of the eldest and most senior, living students of Shaykh Shanqiti


Ramadan Dates 1443 (2022)

April 1, 2022

SUMMARY: Naked-eye moonsighting gives the 1st day of Ramadan 1443 as Sunday 3 April 2022 for the whole world except for North America where Saturday 2 April 2022 is a possibility. Moonsighting with a telescope gives the 1st day of Ramadan 1443 as Saturday 2 April 2022: some authorities and countries have already announced Ramadan for then. (Naked-eye moonsighting in Antarctica & New Zealand might give the 1st day as Monday 4 April 2022!)

Astronomical new moon occurred at 06:24 UT (GMT) today, on Friday 1 April 2022 (29 Sha’ban 1443).

Crescent (lunar) visibility diagrams, courtesy of the UK HMNAO/IOP Moonwatch project, now hosted by UKHO:

Friday 1 April 2022 / 29 Sha’ban 1443, evening
(around the optimal time for moonsighting, about 20 minutes after sunset):

Global new (crescent) moon visibility for the evening of Friday 1 April, 2022 (29th Sha’ban 1443) – UK Moonwatch model

Global new (crescent) moon visibility for the evening of Friday 1 April, 2022 (29th Sha’ban 1443):

Not visible anywhere in the world, with the exception of the Americas.

The new crescent moon will be visible by naked eye in California, Mexico & parts of Central America, and by telescope in parts of South America. Given the ISNA Fiqh Council’s very reasonable judgment since the 1990s that North America is to be regarded as one horizon (matla’), this would lead to the 1st day of Ramadan 1443 being Saturday 2 April 2022 throughout North & Central America. If sighting by telescope is deemed acceptable, the same start date would apply to South America. However, I defer to the judgments of the relevant authorities in the Americas.

Saturday 2 April 2022 / 30 Sha’ban 1443, evening
(around the optimal time for moonsighting, about 20 minutes after sunset):

Global new (crescent) moon visibility for the evening of Saturday 2 April, 2022 (30th Sha’ban 1443)

Global new (crescent) moon visibility for the evening of Saturday 2 April, 2022 (30th Sha’ban 1443):

Visible throughout the whole populated world, with the exception of Antarctica & most of New Zealand, where it will be visible the following evening.

Thus, for Oceania (with the possible exception of New Zealand), Asia, Africa & Europe,
the 1st day of Ramadan 1443, based on local moonsighting, is Sunday 3rd April 2022.

Have a blessed & peaceful Ramadan: let us pray for, and serve, our brothers and sisters in humanity!

(Imam Dr) Usama Hasan,

Fellow of the Royal Astronomical Society, London, UK

29th Sha’ban 1443 / 1st April 2022


Postscript: The European Council for Fatwa & Research announced on 16/02/2022 that the 1st day of Ramadan for the whole world would be on Saturday 2nd April 2022, based on “detailed astronomical calculations.” They claim that these showed that the new crescent moon (hilal) would be visible “by telescope in West Africa and the Americas” after sunset on Friday 1st April 2022. This seems to be based on the Odeh model. I agree with their approach of determining Islamic lunar dates via astronomical calculations, but we need to agree which ones we are using. ECFR are accepting telescope observations, whereas many of us prefer naked-eye sighting. NB: the Odeh model predicts a narrower range of territory for naked-eye sighting, as is clear from the following visibility maps:

Global new (crescent) moon visibility for the evening of Friday 1 April, 2022 (29th Sha’ban 1443) – Odeh model
Global new (crescent) moon visibility for the evening of Saturday 2 April, 2022 (30th Sha’ban 1443) – Odeh model